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Photo by Vincent van Zalinge on Unsplash

In a garden orchard, fruit tree pest control requires some attention. When you plant a few fruit trees, you are offering an invitation to hundreds of different forms of life. A tree is not a species living in isolation from the rest of nature. It immediately generates a unique habitat both above and below the ground.

Some of the birds, animals, insects, fungi, lichens and plants that interact with the tree are beneficial. Some are neutral. Others are harmful. Managing the biological equilibrium of a single fruit tree, a garden or a small orchard is a difficult but fascinating task. The fundamental task is fruit trees pest identification. Today, fruit trees can be kept healthy by means of a totally organic pest control programme.

The fundamental concept in organic fruit tree pest control is exploiting the fact that in nature, friend and foe live together in the same environment. Rather than to attempt to chemically eradicate pests, the organic method is to provide their predators with a happy home, in other words ensuring that the type of plants necessary for successful breeding are present.

Controlling pests and diseases organically

The approach to the use of chemicals in fruit growing has changed greatly over the last two decades. People now prefer to eat fruit that is free from all chemicals. In commercial fruit growing, more and more chemicals are being withdrawn, and the attitude of the supermarkets is changing too. Organic organisations such as the Soil Association are increasing the general public’s awareness of need to declare the use of chemicals in fruit production so that consumers can make an informed choice. In some supermarkets you can purchase fruit with small blemishes, priced lower than the so-called “clean”-looking sprayed fruits. In our suggestions on fruit tree pest and disease control, we privilege organic systems that help to protect the environment and people’s health. Click on the links below to read about different fruit tree pests and diseases.

Aphids

Apple sawfly

Apple scab

Apple splitting

Apricot dieback

Armillaria honey fungus

Bacterial canker

Bird damage

Bitter pit

Boot lace fungus

Brown rot

Canker on apple trees

Canker on plums, greengages, damson

Capsid bugs

Cherry blackfly

Cherry fruit drop

Cherry splitting

Codling moth

Collar rot

Foxes

Greenfly on apples and pears

Ivy on fruit trees

Mealy aphid on plums, greengages, damson

Mildew on apples

Peach leaf curl disease

Pear canker

Pear leaf blister mite

Pear midge

Pear scab

Pear virus

Pigeon damage on plum trees

Plum moth

Plum sawfly

Red spider on apricots

Scab

Silver leaf on plums

Wasps

Whitefly

Woolly aphid